Gums are important tissues of your oral cavity that encircle the teeth and hold them in position. Any disease or infection of the gums can impact your teeth alignment. Knowing the early signs of gum disease is crucial to prevent further damage.
Denver, CO dentist will help you identify gum disease and provide a comprehensive treatment plan to ease your discomfort.
Gum disease is a common dental problem
Gum or periodontal disease is among the most prevalent dental problems and the number one cause of tooth loss.
It usually begins with red, swollen, or inflamed gums that bleed easily. If left untreated, it can spread to the underlying alveolar bone, worsening the condition and damaging the tissues holding the teeth in position. This may lead to persistent pain, bad breath, and tooth mobility.
Bacteria and plaque: The main culprits behind gum disease
The prime cause of gum disease is attributed to bacteria that form a sticky substance called plaque adhering to the tooth surface. Improper oral hygiene leads to the mineralization of plaque to tar. These may eventually colonize and release toxins that damage the gums.
Your immune system causes an inflammatory response due to bacterial invasion. Small gingival pockets are formed at the base of your tooth laying out an ideal environment for tartar and bacteria to invade your oral tissues.
An early inflammatory response known as gingivitis, if left untreated can spread to the underlying bone. This causes permanent damage or tooth loss since bone can never regenerate.
Severe gum disease can increase your risk of other health conditions like diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.
Early diagnosis gives way to prompt treatment
Your dentist can detect gum disease during routine oral examination. Your symptoms will be evaluated and the plaque buildup will be assessed.
A special dental probe, known as a periodontal probe will be used to measure the depth of the gingival pockets. This indicates the amount of bone loss that has occurred. The deeper the pockets, the more severe the gum disease.
Additionally, dental X-ray images will be recorded to identify the areas of bone loss to determine the further course of action.
Treatment at the initial stages of gum disease without bone loss includes regular dental scaling.
If the inflammation has advanced with bone loss root planing is the recommended choice of treatment. You may have to undergo surgical procedures, for more severe cases.
Maintenance is the key to success
Regular home care is crucial for the success of any treatment provided. This shall include the use of an electric brush, medicated mouth rinse, and having a close watch on your diet. Healthy gums are the secret to healthy teeth.